Rannikko P., Kortelainen J. Shock therapy at the border of russian Karelia ― the period of post-socialism in two forestry villages // Studia Humanitatis Borealis. 2013. Vol. 1. № 1. P. 53‒72.



Issue № 1

SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK

Shock therapy at the border of russian Karelia ― the period of post-socialism in two forestry villages

Rannikko
   Pertti
Doctor of Social Sciences,
Professor of Environmental Policy,
University of Eastern Finland (Campus Joensuu) Department of Geographical and Historical Studies,
Joensuu, pertti.rannikko@uef.fi
Kortelainen
   Jarmo
Doctor of Social Sciences,
Professor of Geography,
University of Eastern Finland (Campus Joensuu) Department of Geographical and Historical Studies,
Joensuu, jarmo.kortelainen@uef.fi
Ключевые слова:
Republic of Karelia
customs policy
timber trade
Finland
Russia
lumber villages
shock therapy
post-socialism
Lendery
Reboly.
Аннотация: The article analyzes the role of forestry in the restructuring process of rural Russia during the post-socialist period; the aim is to seek for typical features of forest use and governance in border areas. The research focuses on two villages in Muezersky district, Lendery and Reboly, development of which have been strongly dependent on the collapse of Soviet-style forestry and its reorganization according to the principles of market economy. Our analysis shows that the concept of shock therapy describes well the changes of the border forestry villages because the chain of changes has been long and dramatic. In few years during the 1950s, a dozen of forestry villages were built to serve logging and wood transport in the research area. Many of the villages were abandoned soon since workers were transferred from place to place due to the needs of logging. Only three villages remained inhabited after the land transport had replaced floating. Switch to market economy and Scandinavian logging system resulted in situation where forestry labor was needed only in Lendery and the destruction speed of other villages escalated. The location in the close vicinity of the border gave Lendery a central role in timber export which increased due to liberalization of export. During the recent years, the Russian government has restricted timber export which has threatened Lendery’s position as a node of wood trade. Governmental policies, technology and abrupt changes of the border regulations have transformed the fates of forestry villages in borderlands and thrown jobs and people from place to place. The cross-border timber trade has provide the border villages with prosperity and well-being but created a dependency which has increased their vulnerability.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Is passed for the press: 20 december 2013 year

Displays: 4896; Downloads: 951;