Smirnova A., Fedorov V. Correlations between the concepts "peace" and "neutrality" in Sweden’s foreign policy // Studia Humanitatis Borealis. 2016. Vol. 1. № 1. P. 16‒27.



Issue № 1

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Correlations between the concepts "peace" and "neutrality" in Sweden’s foreign policy

Smirnova
   Alexandra
Department of World History, Political Science and International Relations, Institute of History, Political and Social Sciences, Petrozavodsk State University,
Petrozavodsk, Russia, alexandrasmirnova11@gmail.com
Fedorov
   Vladislav
4th year student of International Relations,
Department of World History, Political Science and International Relations, Institute of History, Political and Social Sciences, Petrozavodsk State University,
Petrozavodsk, Russia, vfks8f@mail.ru
Ключевые слова:
Sweden
neutrality
peace policy
peace research
internationalism
Cold War
international organizations
Аннотация: In the context of current world politics peacemaking requires participation of an increasing number of actors. This is why the question of the possible contribution of neutral states into peacebuilding activities appears relevant. This article examines the relationship of the “peace” and “neutrality” concepts as exemplified by Swedish foreign policy. These phenomena are analyzed from the perspective of Social Constructivism and Critical Peace Research. Special attention is given to the Swedish foreign policy during the Cold War, when the neutrality policy was formed as a social norm, and the contemporary period, during which a shift from neutrality is taking place. This article examines the background for Sweden’s peace and neutrality policy, as well as characteristics of the two major periods. The general conclusion states that the distinguishing feature of Swedish neutrality is its active focus on the transformation of world politics, promotion of universal values, mediation between the East and West, struggle to soften the North-South division and conflict prevention. However, neutrality also demonstrates its peace-limiting potential: the need for self-defense has contributed to the development of the military sphere, turning Sweden into one of world’s top arms exporters.

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