Raunio A. Military Cooperation of Finland and Germany in 1940—1942 // Studia Humanitatis Borealis. 2017. Vol. 1. № 1. P. 4‒30.

Issue № 1


Military Cooperation of Finland and Germany in 1940—1942

Master of Political Sciences,
Helsinki, Finland, ari.raunio@kolumbus.fi
Ключевые слова:
The World War II
Continuation War
military cooperation between Finland and Germany in 1941—1942
Аннотация: During World War II, Finland fought the Soviet Union twice. The first war on November 30, 1939 started the Soviet Union. The war ended with a peace agreement signed in Moscow on March 12, 1940 which came into force the following day. In Finland this war is called Winter War. The second war was started by Finland on June 25, 1941 get the name of Continuation War, and ended on September 19, 1944 after signing of the Armistice Agreement. The states signed peace treaty in Paris in 1947. The aim of Finland in the Continuation War was returning of the territories lost by the end of the Winter War and the seizure of the territory of the Soviet Karelia inhabited by Karelians. The Soviet Union pursued the same objective with forming in late March 1940 the Karelian-Finnish SSR, which included territories ceded by Finland to the USSR according to Moscow Peace Treaty. After the Winter War, the United Kingdom, Germany and the Soviet Union sought to maintain relations with the "independent" Finland. Germany and the Soviet Union nurtured their own plans with regard to Finland, while the United Kingdom sought to prevent the growth of German influence in the country. Finland has chosen military aid proposed by Germany, the cost of which was an offensive war against the USSR. Government and military leaders in Finland believe in speedy victory of the German army. During the war, Finland and Germany have not signed intergovernmental agreements on military and military cooperation. His starting point was the agreements reached during the talks between the representatives of the General Staffs in May-June 1941. Rejecting the German side Mannerheim made the offer to become chief of all the troops in Finland, including the German, Finland was able to retain the freedom of action in the conduct of war. The military leadership of Germany could not give orders to the main rate of the Finnish army. The coordination of military operations based on cooperation. In response to the growing German demand Mannerheim pointed to the failure of its powers. He often had talks with the leaders of the state. It is known that in 1941 the Finnish-German military cooperation was realized mainly in the Leningrad Svirsky and directions, as well as the responsibility of the German army in the north of Finland. The Finns did not agree to the continuation of the offensive on the Karelian Isthmus in the direction of Leningrad and south along Lake Ladoga to the Svir River. Different stages of the negotiations and unrealized plans of the sides can be set only on the basis of archival sources. This, and the study of the operations of German troops allowed to reconstruct a picture of the coordination of the German and Finnish troops in the hostilities. In December 1941 he ended the offensive phase of the war. After this, the trench warfare that lasted until the summer of 1944. In the late autumn of 1941 the parties began to coordinate plans for the 1942 condition of Finnish participation in offensive actions in 1942 was the decision of the problem of Leningrad by the Germans that they had not been made . After December 1941 the Finnish Army did not conduct operational occurrence except mastering the island of Hogland in late March 1942.

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Is passed for the press: 17 december 2017 year

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