MARKOV B., BOCHARNIKOV V. CIVILIZATION FROM THE ECOLOGICAL WORLDVIEW // Studia Humanitatis Borealis. 2022. Vol. 1. № 3. P. 3‒13.

DOI: 10.15393/j12.art.2022.3841


Issue № 3

PHILOSOPHY

CIVILIZATION FROM THE ECOLOGICAL WORLDVIEW

MARKOV
   BORIS
PhD in Philosophy,
Professor of the Department of Philosophical Anthropology,
Saint Petersburg State University, Institute of Philosopy,
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, bmarkov@mail.ru
BOCHARNIKOV
   VLADIMIR
PhD in Biology,
Leading Researcher of Laboratory of Ecology and Animal Protection,
The Pacific Geographical Institute of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Vladivostok, Russian Federation, vbocharnikov@mail.ru
Ключевые слова:
ecological civilization
human being
cognition
spiritual world
activity
philosophical anthropology
consciousness
Аннотация: The article puts forward the thesis that the ability of a person to transform the natural habitat is the basis of civilization and its energy component. Civilization performs the functional role of a universal means of implementing culture in specific historical conditions. Culture is the substance of spirituality and the quintessence of the mankind’s experience, which helps the individual to navigate the world. The ability to work, the manufacture of tools, the development of technology, on the one hand, were used to master external reality and, on the other, determined the formation of the inner spiritual world due to distancing from direct contact with reality. The modern type of individuality is characterized by a desire for independent determination of life positions, as well as the orientation towards free intellectual search, pluralism and diversity of cultural values. The anthropocentric approach views civilization as a set of options for the exploration of the outside world by a person, defines it as a set of the mankind’s socio-cultural and scientific achievements. What we call «social reality» is not only made up of various events produced through practices, but is also present in the form of certain identification mechanisms that distinguish people according to their sociocultural differences. The individual «I» embodying the internal aspects of being as opposed to the external ones and representing an «inverted» image of reality re-creates both the center and the environment of life, which predetermines the structure of a special whole called «ecological civilization».

© Petrozavodsk State University

Is received: 02 november 2022 year
Is passed for the press: 03 november 2022 year

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